English version by Eliza Biță

National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism of the Romanian Academy (NIST)

Founded: April 13th, 1993

Object of activity: Collecting, archiving, researching and publishing documentation that refers to the types of totalitarianism that have manifested themselves in Romania.

Areas of interest: Aspects of life under the communist regime, 1945-1989: economic structures, social issues, institutions, legislation, culture, mentalities, language, repression techniques, forms of resistance, daily life; types of totalitarianism during the reign of King Charles the Second (1930-1940), the National Legionary State (1940-1941) and under the government of Marshal Ion Antonescu (1941-1944); parties, or ideological trends that contested the parliamentary regime in Romania during the inter-war period; references to similar phenomena in Europe: influences, analogies, specific behaviours.

Structure: The Research-Documentation Department.

Facilities: Library, archive of documents, audio-video archive, photothèque.

Strategies: Interdisciplinary research programmes, scientific manifestations, international exchanges, documentary films, conferences, exhibitions, recovering national interest documentary funds from the archives of the former Soviet bloc.

Publications: The journal “Totalitarianism Archives”; volumes in collections: “Documents”, “Studies”, “Dictionaries”, “Encyclopaedias”, “Memoirs” etc.

Financing: By means of the Romanian Academy’s budget; NIST may receive donations in RON.

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